Rules of Driving Schools Across DublinThe Irish rules of the road are for all road users – drivers, pedestrians, motorcyclists, horse riders and cyclists. You must have a satisfactory knowledge of these rules to get a driving license, but learning about road safety doesn’t stop once you pass a driving test. It takes a lifetime. Some Useful Information That Will Recommend To Help You
Moving OffBefore you turn on your engine, check that:
- your rearview mirrors are clean and properly adjusted,
- all doors, the bonnet and the boot are closed,
- all safety belts (yours and those of your front-seat and back-seat passengers) are fastened, and your seat and headrest are properly adjusted.
When you are ready to move off, signal your intention to move out into traffic.
- When moving off from the curb you must give way to other traffic and pedestrians.
- When the way is clear, move out and adjust your speed to that of the normal flow of traffic.
- Always look in your mirror but remember that there are blind spots, so always check over your shoulders as well. Traffic and pedestrians may be coming up beside your vehicle. When moving off from a stationary position check your blind spots by looking around you.
Your position on the roadMake sure you drive your vehicle far enough to the left to allow traffic to safely pass or overtake on the right but not so far to the left that you are driving on a cycle lane or blocking or endangering cyclists or pedestrians. What to do if you need to change your position If you are overtaking, turning right or passing pedestrians, cyclists, horse riders or other road users or parked vehicles, make sure it is safe to do so. Always check in your mirror for any vehicles coming up on your right or overtaking from behind, and don’t forget to check your blind spots. Give a clear signal to warn traffic in good time of your intentions and proceed. You should allow signaling buses back into the stream of traffic after they let passengers on and off. Be especially careful of pedestrians getting on and off buses and of children near schools, and when near schools always are prepared to stop. If you are at a junction where there is an advanced stop line for cyclists, you should allow cyclists to move off ahead of you. When turning left, all drivers, especially drivers of heavy goods vehicles, must watch out for cyclists and motorcyclists going ahead or turning. On left turns, watch out for cyclists and mopeds close to the curb in front of you or coming up on your left. Do not overtake a cyclist as you approach a junction if you are turning left; the cyclist might be continuing straight ahead. You should give extra space when overtaking a cyclist, as they may need to avoid uneven road surfaces and obstacles. This is particularly important on wet or windy days.
Changing traffic lanes‘ Don’t move from one traffic lane to another without good reason. You must give way to traffic already in the lane into which you are moving.
How to change lanes safely‘ If you have good reason to change lanes, use your mirrors and check in plenty of time to ensure that the way is clear. To check your blind spot when traveling at speed, take a quick sideways glance to check the position of a vehicle that may have disappeared from your view in the mirror. You must give way to traffic already in the lane into which you are moving. Signal your intention and change lane when it is clear and safe to do so. When in a lane or approaching a junction, obey any rules of Irish road signs or markings (usual arrows) indicating the direction that traffic in those lanes must take.
OvertakingOnly overtake if it is safe for you and other traffic. Be particularly careful of features that may hinder your view of the road ahead, such as hills, dips, bends, bridges, roads narrowing or pedestrian crossings. Pay attention to the rules on road signs or markings (continuous, broken, single, double white lines) covered in Section 6.
How to overtake safelyMake sure the road ahead is clear so you have enough distance to allow you to overtake and get back to your own side of the road without forcing any other road user to move to avoid you. Never directly follow another overtaking vehicle. Give way to faster traffic already overtaking from behind. Before overtaking check that the way is clear, check-in your mirror and blind spots to ensure another vehicle are not approaching from behind. Give your signal in good time, move out when it is safe to do so, accelerate and overtake with the minimum of delay. Before overtaking check that the way is clear, check-in your mirror and blind spots to ensure another vehicle are not approaching from behind. Give your signal in good time, move out when it is safe to do so, accelerate and overtake with the minimum of delay. Take extra care when overtaking a vehicle displaying a ‘LONG VEHICLE’ sign. This means that the vehicle is at least 13 meters long and you will need extra road length to pass it and safely return to the left-hand side of the road. You must not break the speed limit, even when overtaking. What to do when somebody overtakes you Continue at the same pace. What to do when somebody overtakes you Continue at the same pace. Keep as near to the left as is safe to do so. Do not accelerate. Be alert in case the overtaking vehicle suddenly pulls back in front of you
ReversingHow to reverse safely Check for nearby pedestrians and traffic by looking carefully all around, in front of and behind you, over both your shoulders and in your mirrors. Take special care where small children may be gathered, such as schools, playgrounds, residential roads, car parks or your own driveway. If your view is restricted, ask for help when reversing. Give way to other traffic or pedestrians. When reversing from a major road onto a minor road, wait until it is safe, reverse slowly far enough into the side road to allow you to take up the correct position on the left-hand side when rejoining the major road. Take extra care when reversing in darkness. If you are in doubt get out of your vehicle and check the area. You must not reverse from a minor road onto a major road as it is unsafe to do so.
U-turnsYou should make a U-turn only when traffic conditions make it completely safe to do so. Check there is no signs or road markings prohibiting a U-turn, for example, a continuous center white line. Check that the road is not one way. Look for a safe place, where you can see clearly in all directions. Give way to all other road users. Check carefully for cyclists and motorcyclists. Do not delay or prevent pedestrians from crossing safely. Make sure there is sufficient room to complete your maneuver safely and smoothly. No U-turn Slowing down or stopping at the side of a road Check in your mirror to make sure you can slow down and stop safely. Signal your intention to change course and pull in. Signal your intention to slow down either through the brake lights or by moving your right arm up and down outside your vehicle window (shown below) if you think your brake lights might not be working. Use a traffic lay-by if one is provided or pull in and stop close to the left-hand edge of the road.
Driving at nightMake sure your lights, indicators, reflectors and number plate lighting are clean and in good working order so that you can see clearly and be seen at all times. A clean windscreen is also important when driving at night. Drive at a speed that allows you to stop within the distance covered by your lights. Assuming good driving conditions on an unlit road, the headlights of a typical car let you see for about 100 meters. Dipped lights will let you see for about 30 meters and a car traveling at 100km/h will cover this distance in approximately a second. Keep your headlights adjusted properly. If they are out of line, they may dazzle oncoming traffic, even when dipped. Even with the best headlights, you can see less at night than during the day. Pedestrians and unlit bicycles are extremely difficult to see in the dark, particularly if you have to deal with the glare of oncoming lights.
When to use headlightsIf conditions require you to use headlights to drive safely, you must use them. Use dipped headlights at night or main beam headlights as appropriate rules. When in doubt, turn them on. Make sure that the red lights and number plate lighting at the back of your vehicle are working. Use dipped headlights: Just after the beginning (dusk) and before the end (dawn) of lighting-up hours, as long as they are needed to let you see clearly, when stopped in traffic, when meeting other traffic, in built-up areas where there is good street lighting, on continuously lit roads outside built-up areas, when following behind another vehicle, where there is dense fog, falling snow or heavy rain, when daylight is fading, and generally to avoid inconveniencing other traffic. It is good practice to use dipped headlights or dim/dip lights, where fitted, instead of only sidelights in built-up areas where there is good street lighting. Use main beam headlights in situations, places and times outside of those listed above. Use fog lights only during dense fog and falling snow. You must turn them off at all other times. What to do if you are dazzled by another vehicle’s headlights Slow down and stop if necessary. Always watch for pedestrians or cyclists on your side of the road. If the dazzle is from an oncoming vehicle, avoid it by looking towards the verge (edge of your side of the road) until the vehicle has passed. If the dazzle is from a vehicle behind you and reflected in your mirror, operate the night-driving mode on the mirror.
Using a hornOnly use a horn to: warn other road users of oncoming danger, or make them aware of your presence for safety reasons when reasonably necessary. Remember, the horn does not give you the right of way. Do not use a horn in a built-up area between 23.30hrs and 07.00hrs unless there is a traffic emergency.
Junctions and Roundabouts
If you see a ‘Stop’ sign (shown below), you must stop at the sign or at the stop line on the road, if provided, even if there is no traffic on the road you would like to enter.
If you see a ‘Yield’ sign or yield line (shown below), you must slow down, but you do not have to stop completely unless you need to wait for any oncoming traffic to pass.Section 6 more information on these and other regulatory signs.